Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) a prject by Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD), Government of India, aimed at instilling wage earning skills, among rural youth of India. A well thought, well documented project, which is partly supported by Asia Development Bank. It is a unique initiative, to front load
“Make in India“, with on demand availability of skills in semi-urban (Rurban), rural areas, where potentially large manufacturing projects are likely to be set up.
DDU-GKY finds its roots in “Aajeevika Skills” program and the ‘Special Projects’ component of the Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY). However, in earlier projects livelihood could be either wage based or self-employment oriented. Those schemes, had few pitfalls, which are taken care of in DDU-GKY.
The scheme focuses on catering to the occupational aspirations of rural youth, i.e. a youth is offered wide spectrum of courses, which he can choose from and decide his own career. It can also be an enabler for a youth, already in a profession (but without a formal training or certification), to undergo formal structured training and certification. Which will help him with vertical mobility in his work place.
This scheme offers courses covering wide spectrum of industry sectors such as Engineering, Automobile, Construction, Chemical, IT, etc. The duration of courses are 3,6,9,12 months. First three duration of courses are meant for Skill Training Programs governed by MES (DGET) or Sector Skill Councils formulated by initiative of National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC). 12 month courses are aimed at offering Matriculation Certificate, along with skill training of choice. This is aimed at school dropouts, aspiring to continue studies.
Implementation of DDU-GKY involves State Governments, Technical Support Agencies like the National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj (NIRD & PR), and Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs).
DDU-GKY is probably, first of its kind development project in India, which is governed by Standard Operating Procedures (SOP). It goes a step further by ensuring that every project functionary undergoes formal training of these SOPs and subsequently undergoes examination for the same. These programs are available on e-learning portal ddugkysop.in , designed to facilitate self-learning of the SOP as well as certification.
These SOPs are dynamic and MoRD keeps coming out with newer notifications, to refine the processes, aimed at successful implementation of the project.
There are clear guidelines for each of the segment of entire value chain of skilling process, under DDU-GKY. It talks about mobilization strategy, training delivery, placement of candidates and hand-holding.
This project offers candidate a choice of residential and non-residential mode of training. In residential mode training candidate is to be provided with lodging and boarding support by Project Implementation Agency (PIA). In non-residential mode, candidates are offered daily allowance for commuting cost and working lunch.
DDU-GKY project has great future and turning out to be a flagship project of Government. NGOs or companies in Skilling arena, should look at participating in this program.